Using the Arab world as a prism, the project advances a three-prong approach - based on media practice, media ecology, and visual studies - to explore distinct forms, practices, and organization of camera-mediated activism based in Egypt, Syria, and Palestine over a three year period (2015 to 2018). As analyses of activist practices of visual strategizing remain rare, we advance this exploratory research to better understand how the now-prominent activist mode of resistance-by-recording contributes to produce and contest political power. To this end, the project will advance three complimentary methodological frameworks: online ethnography, field-based ethnography, and visual analysis. By drawing out the performative, affective, and imaginative dimensions of camera-mediated activism, we will look for overarching patterns, territorial variations, and transregional linkages in the mobilization, framing, diffusion, and resonance of rebellious political action in each of these contexts. The aim is to understand how activist groups use images and acts of image-making to give form to (actual and imagined) political change, cultivate new desires and therefore new political subjectivities, and mobilize and sustain emotional relationships with activists elsewhere.